sabato 28 aprile 2012


32 Mo MP3

1- 22/10/1985 - 1

Foucault - Les formations historiques. année universitaire 1985-1986. Cours de Gilles Deleuze du 22/12/1985 - 1 Transcription : Annabelle Dufourcq (avec l’aide du College of Liberal Arts, Purdue University)
46 minutes 37
Une version a paru dans 10/18. Je signale que cette édition est abrégée. De quoi est-ce qu’il s’agit dans L’histoire de la folie ? Il s’agit de deux choses. Vaut mieux attendre. Ouais. Ouais ! Ah.
Il s’agit de quoi ? Il s’agit pour Foucault de savoir comment s’est formé un mode, mais un mode de quoi ? Mettons, pour le moment - quitte à avoir ensuite des surprises - un mode d’enfermement des fous ; Dans quoi ? Dans ce qu’on appelle, à l’époque, l’hôpital général ou les maisons de corrections. Et cet enfermement des fous, ou cette constitution d’un hôpital général qui comprend, entre autres les fous, apparaît au XVIIème siècle, c’est-à-dire à l’âge classique. Et, parallèlement, où en est la médecine ? Quelle médecine ? La médecine, est-ce que je peux dire la psychiatrie ? Evidemment pas, la psychiatrie n’existe pas, elle n’existe pas comme discipline. Et l’on nous parle ou de maladie des nerfs ou de maladie des humeurs ou de maladie de la tête. Il n’y a aucune raison de dire : c’est la préfiguration de la psychiatrie. C’est une branche de la médecine au XVIIème siècle. Et puis, ce que Foucault étudie, c’est comment a évolué l’hôpital général et l’asile et la médecine aussi, de telle manière que, à la fin du XVIIIème et au début du XIXème siècle se produit, ce qu’on présente souvent comme une espèce de libération des fous, à savoir : faire tomber les chaînes. Et de quoi il s’agit dans cette libération apparente ? Voilà en gros, mais vraiment superficiellement, voilà les grandes rubriques de L’histoire de la folie. 1963 : un livre sur un poète, sur un poète du début du XXème : Raymond Roussel. Raymond Roussel. De quoi s’agit-il ? Il s’agit d’une œuvre en apparence insolite et cette œuvre insolite, elle semble s’ancrer ou elle semble envelopper ce que Roussel appelle lui-même un procédé de langage, procédé de langage que Roussel essaie d’expliquer dans un livre intitulé "Comment j’ai écrit certains de mes livres", et où il donne l’exemple suivant : voici deux propositions, « Les bandes du vieux billard » et « les bandes du vieux pillard ». Entre les deux propositions toute une histoire insolite va se dérouler. Et, dans le courant de son analyse, on s’aperçoit vite que Foucault attache une importance essentielle à un thème qui est très fréquent chez Roussel et qui est celui du double et de la doublure. Le double ou la doublure...


mercoledì 25 aprile 2012

Betwen Deleuze and Foucault

Purdue University - College of Liberal Arts

Betwen Deleuze and Foucault

The aim of the “Between Deleuze and Foucault” project is to establish an on-going collaborative and synergistic relationship between Purdue University and the Université de Paris VIII–Vincennes à St. Denis (University of Paris 8, Vincennes-St. Denis) in order to transcribe, translate, and make available online the seminars that the French philosopher Gilles Deleuze gave on Michel Foucault’s work at the University of Paris 8 during the years 1985-1986.

Deleuze and Foucault were two of the towering figures of French intellectual life in the latter part of the twentieth-century. Foucault (1926-1984) held a chair in the History of Systems of Thought at the prestigious Collège de France, and remains one of the most-cited authors in the humanistic disciplines. Deleuze (1925-1995), who taught at the University of Paris until his retirement in 1987, authored more than twenty-five books, and was one of the most important and influential European philosophers of the post-war period. While both Foucault and Deleuze were prolific authors, it is now widely recognized that some of the most significant work of both philosophers was presented in their weekly seminar lectures, which functioned more or less as experimental laboratories in which they tried out new ideas and concepts that often find no parallel in their published texts.

In recognition of this fact, the lectures Foucault gave at the Collège de France are currently being published simultaneously in French and English in a joint venture by two well-known and well-established publishing houses, Seuil/Gallimard in France and Palgrave Macmillan in the USA. On 15 April 2012, the French government formally recognized the importance of these lectures by declaring Foucault’s archives to be a “national treasure,” which prevented the sale of the documents abroad. The appearance of Deleuze’s seminar lectures, by contrast, has taken a somewhat different path. After Deleuze’s death, his family prohibited the publication of his seminar lectures in book form (they did not want profit to be made off the lectures), but instead permitted and indeed encouraged their free dissemination on-line. While this decision was no doubt in the spirit of Deleuze’s work, it has made the archiving and distribution of the lectures a more complicated process, which is now reliant on institutional and university support for its continuation.

In 1999, the Bibliothèque Nationale (BN) in Paris established an archive of recordings of all the seminars Deleuze gave at the Université de Paris VIII between 1979 and 1987. The seminars had been recorded by various students on cassettes, which the BN converted into digital files. In 2001, a group of preeminent French scholars, initially headed by the philosopher Alain Badiou, constituted a not-for-profit organization entitled “L’Assocation Siècle Deleuzien” that was focused exclusively on the transcription and dissemination of Deleuze’s recorded seminars on the Web. The Association, under the directorship of Prof. Marielle Burkhalter, initially produced transcriptions of three shorter seminars (on Anti-Oedipus, painting, and Spinoza), and then embarked on an ambitious project of transcribing Deleuze’s four-year seminar (1981-1985) on philosophy and cinema, which is still in-process. It is at this point that the “Between Deleuze and Foucault” project joined forces with the Association in order to transcribe Deleuze’s one-year seminar on Foucault (1985-1986).

The project is supported by two generous grants from the College of Liberal Arts at Purdue University: a Global Research Synergy grant and an Enhanced Research in the Humanities grant. The principal investigators for the grant are Prof. Daniel W. Smith, of the Department of Philosophy at Purdue University, and Prof. Nicolae Morar, a recent Ph.D. from Purdue who is currently teaching in the Department of Philosophy at the University of Oregon. They have joined forces with Prof. Burkhalter as well as Prof. Anne Sauvagnargues (University of Paris, Nanterre), who is one of the foremost scholars of Deleuze’s work in France, in order to make Deleuze’s seminar lectures available on-line to a wide audience, both in French and, in the near future, in English translation. Annabelle Dufourcq, who received her Ph.D. from the Sorbonne in 2008 and is currently at the University of Oregon, is in charge of transcribing the seminar lectures, and Jonathan Beever of Purdue University will be in responsible for the web design and editing.

In addition to the seminar transcription, we will be publishing a collection of essays on the topic, entitled 
Between Deleuze and Foucault, which will be co-edited by Prof. Morar and Prof. Thomas Nail of the Department of Philosophy at the University of Denver. In addition, a  special issue of the journal Foucault Studies, devoted to the relation between Deleuze and Foucault, will be published in 2014. Finally, in early November 2012, the College of Liberal Arts will host a two-day conference on “Between Deleuze and Foucault,” which will be together contributors to both the book project and the special journal issue to discuss the significance and implications of Deleuze’s reading of Foucault.


domenica 22 aprile 2012

Insuring War: Sovereignty, Security and Risk (2012)

Luis Lobo-Guerrero, Insuring War: Sovereignty, Security and Risk, Routledge (Interventions Series), 2012, ISBN: 978-0-415-61772-7
Insurance is a central, if until now ignored, instrument of war in the modern period. Ever since the eighteenth century, interaction between governments and insurers in Western countries has materialised in the form of war risk schemes that have contributed to the waging of war and the preservation of peace. The operation of those schemes has given rise to a curious, if not innocent, association between practices of statehood and practices of risk, which are theorised here under the label of ‘insurantial sovereignty’.
The book draws on the British experience of using maritime insurance as an instrument of war during the Napoleonic Wars, the two World Wars, and the early twenty-first century. It asks, what happens, when, under conditions of war, the sovereign adopts insurantial imaginaries and practices into its rationalities of government? In doing so the book makes a novel contribution to the understanding of liberal security and liberal governance which is central to the theory of Political Science and International Relations, the understanding of international political sociology, and international political economy.
The book follows Insuring Security: Biopolitics, Security and Risk as the second of a trilogy that analyses how concepts and practices of power, risk and security materialise in the form of insurance as a central instrument of governance in the liberal world.
Reviews of Insuring War
Insuring War does much more than show how important practices of insurance were to the development of modern warfare and security. Historically rich and theoretically sophisticated, the book demonstrates the central importance of the Probabilistic Revolution and secular risk calculation to the very possibility of sovereignty and modern statehood. Highly recommended to students of International Relations and International Political Economy alike.
Marieke de Goede, Professor of Politics, University of Amsterdam
Lobo-Guerrero’s Insuring War is, first and foremost an important contribution to political thinking. Eschewing the traditional framing of violent conflict that foregrounds executive decision-making, arms races, and geopolitical alliances, Insuring War makes evident that what is central to the politics of deadly engagements is “the concerted art of managing uncertainty.”
Michael Shapiro, Professor of Political Science, University of Hawai’i at Mãnoa, USA
Luis Lobo-Guerrero is what I consider to be one of the foremost scholars in International Relations and specifically Critical Security Studies. Inspired by Michel Foucault’s analytics and methods and forming part of a triptych devoted to insurance and security, Lobo-Guerrero provides in this volume a fascinating and original investigation into insurance and its uses in time of war.
Vivienne Jabri, Professor of International Politics, King’s College London


Audio: Foucault at Berkeley’s History Department in 1983

Foucault at Berkeley’s History Department in 1983

This has just been linked to on the Foucault discussion list – a 1983 seminar at Berkeley in the History department.

venerdì 20 aprile 2012

Political Theory After Deleuze

Nathan Widder

Political Theory After Deleuze

Continuum 2012

Recent political theory has shifted decidedly towards ontology, the ‘science of being’, and thus towards examining fundamental concepts of identity, difference, space, and time. This new focus has reinvigorated questions concerning the nature of power, meaning, truth and agency, inspiring novel approaches to individual and collective subjectivity, the emergence of political events and the relationship between desire and politics. In this new study, Nathan Widder shows how Deleuze’s philosophy both inspires and presses beyond political theory’s ‘ontological turn’. 
Linking his thought to current political theory debates, Widder explains how Deleuze’s philosophy and ontology of difference are cashed out through a micropolitics of creative and critical experimentation. He further demonstrates how Deleuze challenges ideas of identity and the subject that still dominate both political thought and practice today. Connecting Deleuze to key figures in both classical and contemporary political philosophy, from Plato and Aristotle to Hegel, Nietzsche, Lacan, and Foucault, this book will be of interest to students and scholars in political theory, philosophy, and related disciplines, looking to engage the emerging field of Deleuze studies.

Table of Contents

Preface \ Abbreviations \ 1. The Ontological Turn in Political Theory \ 2. Deleuze’s Ontology \ 3. Deleuze’s Nietzsche \ 4. Desire and Desiring-Machines \ 5. Micropolitics \ 6. Conclusion – Pluralism and ‘A Life’ \ Notes \ Bibliography \ Index
Nathan Widder is Reader in Political Theory at Royal Holloway, University of London, UK. His previous publications include Reflections on Time and Politics (Penn State University Press, 2008) and Genealogies of Difference(University of Illinois Press, 2002).


‘Looking for the introduction to Deleuze and political theory? You've found it. Nathan Widder gives the most clear and persuasive account of why Deleuze's philosophy matters for contemporary political thought. He situates this significance through an outstanding account of the place of Deleuze among historical and contemporary theories and figures, notably Hegel, Nietzsche and Lacan. The book also explains how Deleuze announces a new departure for political action and critique. In addition to a wonderful array of concrete examples, the book supports its arguments through an exemplary reading of Deleuze's works. A joy to read, and a joy to apply...’
Professor James Williams, University of Dundee, UK
‘Nathan Widder provides a remarkably accessible introduction to Deleuze’s ontology and its implications for political thought. He explains Deleuze’s distinctive contribution to contemporary political theory, namely that ‘we are micropolitical before we are political,’ by way of an informative tour through some of his most difficult texts, including Difference and RepetitionNietzsche and Philosophy and Anti-Oedipus (co-written with Guattari). This book is an indispensable handbook to Deleuze’s key concepts that will be of interest to beginners as well as advanced students of Deleuze’s thought.’ 
Paul Patton, Professor of Philosophy, University of New South Wales, Australia